Processing determines the structure of the carpet: we can say that it is the body, because it determines not only the external appearance, visible to the naked eye, but also the intrinsic characteristics that influence its use.

There are different processes for making the carpet, but they can be classified into two main types: manufactured goods and mechanics.

This first distinction already suggests that a hand-made rug will be more valuable than a machine-made rug, because it requires longer and more precise work, but for the same reasons it will be even more delicate.

 

– Handmade Rugs

Hand-Knotted
The hand-knotting technique dates back to the traditions handed down from generation to generation, in which every single knot was handmade by the textile craftsman. It requires a great deal of work and a lot of time for the realization, but it guarantees a higher quality of the design, which is more detailed, and a high durability of the carpet: the higher the number of knots per square meter, the thicker the weft is and resistant and the minimum shedding of hair.
Thanks to this dense and accurate processing, the Hand Knotted mats can be easily folded back on themselves, simplifying transport time and costs.

Rug life: from 10/25 years up to 100 years.
How to recognize it: the single knots are visible on the back and are slightly irregular, as is the texture.

Hand-woven Flatweave
Flat weaving is typical of Kilim, Dhurrie and Soumak carpets; it has ancient origins and requires special craftsmanship, as well as a lot of work and a lot of time to make, even if they are less than the hand-knotted technique.
In this processing technique, the fabric yarn, which can be wool, cotton or synthetic fibers, is woven: this makes the carpet thin and devoid of hair (hence the name of “flat weaving”).
The Flatweave technique allows you to create models with very precise and elaborate details, which are usually geometric.

Rug life: from 3 to 10 years.
How to recognize it: the structure is flat, with no tufts of hair on the surface and without a back. The same design is in fact visible from both sides, making the carpet reversible.

Hand-loomed

The hand-loomed technique or manual weaving requires high precision and knowledge, in fact it requires the expert hand of a team of weaving artisans able to use vertical or horizontal frames.
The weaving of the carpet’s texture involves the crossing of longitudinal threads with transversal ones, with a movement that goes from the bottom upwards along the frame. In this way the model and the texture are defined; in some cases, the carpet can be carved by hand for a better definition.
The fleece is adjusted during weaving according to different finishes.

Rug life: it lasts from 2 to 8 years, depending on the use.
Hair spreading: The degree of spreading depends on the material used and on the length of the fibers, and generally decreases over time.
How to recognize it: the surface always has the fleece, short or long, and you can find a canvas support.

Hand tufted

The tufting technique is a very different method of processing than traditional manufacturing: the yarn is incorporated into a starting fabric through the use of a special gun. The tufts of fibers are then fired on a ready-made cotton fabric and compose the design that is already outlined on this canvas.
The yarn is then cut and shaved according to the desired method and length, and the cotton cloth with the tufts already arranged is fixed to a latex base, which will then constitute the back of the carpet.

Rug life: lasts from 3 to 10 years, depending on use.
Hair spreading: The degree of spreading depends on the material used and on the length of the fibers, and generally decreases over time.
How to recognize it: the back always has a support canvas to fix and keep the yarns together. The tufted rugs typically have a surface of cut hair, both at the same level and in several levels that create three-dimensionality.

– Mechanical Carpets

Mechanical carpets are made using machines with hundreds of fiber spindles woven in a thin mesh of meshes. Every detail of processing is monitored by a computer that indicates the various steps and minimizes the possibility of error.
The shedding of hair is non-existent, but the resistance to heavy traffic and wear is low.

Rug life: from 2 to 6 years.
How to recognize it: colors and structure are visible on the back, but made uniform by the latex support that acts as a fixative.

 

– Hair on Hide

Natural leathers are worked and carved by hand, to then be kept in their original shades or artificially dyed.
Each leather rug is a unique and unrepeatable piece, because it can have different designs, different shades and different basic structures.

Rug life: from 5 to 10 years.
How to recognize it: felt support.

 

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